• April 18, 2023
  • Ryan Cribelar

April 17 – 2 New Vulns | CVE-2019-8526, CVE-2023-2033

In this CISA KEV Breakdown, two vulnerabilities were added: a use after free vulnerability in macOS from 2019 and an out-of-bound patched type confusion vulnerability found in Chrome.

wdt_ID CVE ID Vendor Software Exploitation Result GreyNoise Traffic EPSS Probability EPSS Percentile CVSSv3 Due Date
1 CVE-2023-2033 Google Chromium Remote Code Execution 0.00053 19.16 05/08/2023
2 CVE-2019-8526 Apple MacOS Privilege Escalation 0.00044 10.26 7.8 05/08/2023
CVE ID Vendor Software Exploitation Result GreyNoise Traffic EPSS Probability EPSS Percentile CVSSv3 Due Date

Notable Vulnerability Additions

CVE-2023-2033 | Type Confusion Chrome

A zero-day uncovered in Chrome prior to version 112.0.5615.121 could allow an attacker to exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page, which could lead to remote code execution. It is important to note that exploitation does require user interaction, so this will likely be commonly found in exploitation attempts involving social engineering. At time of writing, exploit code does not appear publicly available. The vulnerability does appear to affect multiple Chromium-based browsers. However, at this time, only Google has confirmed active exploitation in the wild for Chrome.

Security Advisory:

https://chromereleases.googleblog.com/2023/04/stable-channel-update-for-desktop_14.html, https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/deployedge/microsoft-edge-relnote-stable-channel, https://brave.com/latest/

CVE-2019-8526 | Use After Free MacOS

A vulnerability prior to MacOS Mojave 10.14.4 could allow an attacker to escalate privileges. Similar to CVE-2023-2033, the exploitation of the vulnerability requires user interaction. On January 25 of 2022, ESET researchers at WeLiveSecurity released a report detailing how this vulnerability was used to attempt to dump the keychain during the deployment of DazzleSpy malware targeting users in Hong Kong. The exploitation of CVE-2019-8526 within the report suggests the use of KeySteal, an open-source MacOS Keychain exploit that attempts to utilize multiple CVEs to dump the Keychain.

Security Advisory:


← April 13, 2023 CISA Kev Breakdown

Click here to expand our CISA KEV Breakdown Frequently Asked Questions
  • What makes for a notable addition?
    • A notable addition can arise from many different characteristics. If a particular vulnerability is notable to the security community or a subset of the security community or if the EPSS score reveals notable information about the vulnerability, this can constitute further analysis. It may also be the case that a particular vulnerability shines a light on everyday users and we will highlight important information and key takeaways to ensure users and readers have easy access to actionable information.
  • When is the Breakdown released?
    • We aim to have our analysis of each KEV update posted within 24 hours of the time in which the Catalog is updated. See CISA’s full catalog here
  • I am not bound by BOD 22-01 or federal regulations, why should the KEV concern me?
    • CISA encourages all organizations to utilize the Catalog as an attribute in your vulnerability prioritization framework. Organizations looking to lessen the scope on known dangerous vulnerabilities and make a goal to remediate them can understand where they currently stand against what CISA has confirmed as exploited vulnerabilities in the wild. See CISA’s section on “How should organizations use the KEV catalog?” here.
  • What is EPSS?
    • EPSS is the Exploit Prediction Scoring System. It is an open, data-driven effort for estimating the likelihood (probability) that a software vulnerability will be exploited in the wild. See the EPSS home page on FIRST for more information here.
  • What is the difference between EPSS probability and EPSS percent?
    • EPSS probability is the risk calculated by the model when determining the perceived threat of the vulnerability itself. Percentage is a relative comparison of the rest of the CVEs within the given sample. While the probability only changes upon refreshing the results from the model, the percentage can change purely based on the CVE sample given. In the case of the Breakdown, we use the percentage given by the pool of all CVEs with given EPSS data. Scores may vary post-release of the post given new information about the vulnerabilities and their perceived threat. For more information on applying and understanding EPSS data, see this article on the FIRST website, as well as their FAQ page.
  • What is GreyNoise?
    • GreyNoise is a platform that collects, analyzes, and labels data on IPs that scan the internet and saturate security tools with noise. Through their sensor network, GreyNoise observes vulnerability exploitation attempts for vulnerabilities that are exploited in the wild over the Internet. These are arguably vulnerabilities that should be at the very top of your priority list to remediate.
  • Why are GreyNoise exploitation attempts only observed on ~20% of KEV vulnerabilities?
    • Exploitation of many vulnerabilities in the CISA KEV will not be observed for many reasons that GreyNoise does a good job of explaining in this post. For example:
      • The vulnerability may not be remotely exploitable
      • Vulnerability exploitation may require authentication (and result in privilege escalation)
      • The impacted software may not be exposed to the internet
      • Mass scanning/exploitation is not occurring yet